“Nipah is the outermost island. Defend until the last drop of blood.” This is the inscription written and signed by President Megawati in 2004. This inscription is stored on the shoreline of the island of Nipah which is directly opposite the Singapore Strait.
Nipah Island is one of the 12 leading islands of Indonesia which are directly opposite Singapore. This island is very strategic because it is located on international shipping lanes. Ships that will dock to the Jurong Port Singapore seaport must pass around the island of Nipah. The shoreline of Nipah Island and Singapore is only 10 km away. Very close. Although this island is uninhabited, this island has a very high political and economic value. Politically, this island is the foremost buffer in maintaining the sovereignty of the Republic of Indonesia. A number of Navy and TNI units were present there to stay alert to maintain the nation’s sovereignty. Meanwhile, economically, Nipah Island is a potential island as a marine economic area. Various port facilities are being built there. Nipah is the pillar of the commercial center, because it deals directly with international shipping.
In early 2000, the island of Nipah became a national concern. Nipah Island almost drowned due to sand mining. Thousands of cubic meters of land on Nipah Island and other islands in the Batam area, Riau Islands
The Nipah Oath is exported legally or illegally. The export of this sand is very strong to meet the supply of backfill for the land reclamation of the island of Singapore. As a result, it is easy to see with the naked eye. Nipah Island is getting smaller due to sand mining and almost drowned due to sea abrasion. Meanwhile, the mainland of the Singapore archipelago is expanding due to its aggressive coastal reclamation program.
This step to save the island of Nipah began in 2004. At that time, during the reign of President Megawati Soekarno Putri, the construction of Nipah Island began to be carried out. This was marked by the planting of cemara sea and the stamping of the soles of the President’s feet as a symbol of the beginning of the arrangement and reclamation of the island of Nipah.
I swear in Nipah
In the atmosphere of commemorating the Youth Pledge of October 28, 2021, the phenomena that occurred on the island of Nipah and other outer islands should be studied and are still relevant to current conditions.
First, the spirit of the youth oath pledged on October 28, 1928, should continue to be inflamed. The sons and daughters of Indonesia admit that they share one blood, the homeland of Indonesia, the nation is one Indonesian nation, and they speak one Indonesian language. The commitment to one country, one nation, and one language is still very relevant. Including on the island of Nipah. If there is no careful handling, the phenomenon of Nipah Island as the outermost island can be eroded and lost as a coastline. If the outer islands are eroded, the medialine reference point will be lost. National borders disappear. Indonesia will lose part of the homeland.
Second, geographically, the outermost islands have strategic value. In some cases, there are a number of islands that are still being targeted by legal or illegal exporters who sell fill land to supply the reclamation needs of certain countries. It’s dangerous, the outer islands will sink.
Third, some of the outer islands are also inhabited. Local residents who are generally traditional fishermen are actually the frontline of the nation. They deal directly with the outside community. Therefore, the strengthening and mental development of citizenship is becoming increasingly dominant. They need guidance and strengthening not only in the fields of education and health, but also in all aspects of national development, including in the political and national defense dimensions.
Geographically, there are 12 outermost islands around the Singapore Strait, which are directly opposite Singapore and Malaysia. This small island cluster is inhabited by local residents who are generally traditional fishermen and indigenous Malays. One of the indigenous peoples is the Malay traditional community group. They are scattered in the cluster of islands and the coast of the Riau Archipelago. Chou (2003) calls him the sea tribe people or sea people. Currently the Sea Tribe people make a living as traditional fishermen. Some of them have a sedentary lifestyle on the coast, semi-settled, and some are still nomadic. Some of them still live in canoes, which sail in small groups and move from place to place. They are traditional fishermen who go to sea every day. Sea tribal people make a real contribution to the protection of biodiversity. They keep the balance of natural ecosystems through traditional knowledge that they have passed down from generation to generation (Ariando, 2019). But they are often eroded by global competition, competition for life with land communities. Therefore, there needs to be a comprehensive policy on the existence of traditional fishing communities and local communities on the mainland. It is time for local community development to be carried out through a cultural approach. Including the learning of the younger generation by carrying out ethnopedagogy.
In the dimension of education, ethnopedagogy views local knowledge or wisdom as a source of innovation and skills that can be empowered for the welfare of society. That is how the practice of education based on local wisdom is applied. This includes, among others, various areas of life that are sourced from local cultural and ethnic values.
It is the spirit of local wisdom that should be encouraged. Kartawinata (2011) mentions that local wisdom is known as three characteristics. Namely local knowledge (local knowledge), local intelligence (local genuine), and cultural identity (local cultural identity).
In general, educational services for the people of Batam, Riau Islands are quite good. Basic education facilities are adequate. One of them is SDN 011 Behind Padang which is located in Pecung Village, Pecung Island, Behind Padang District, Batam. SDN 011 has been accredited B. This means that the number of teachers and educational infrastructure is adequate. The 2013 curriculum has been implemented well. Local content applied to the younger generation includes nautical knowledge and skills. Starting from environmental conservation, fisheries management, and local wisdom in preserving the natural and socio-cultural environment.
The teachers periodically invite the children to make observations on the phenomena of the surrounding environment. Then discussed further in class learning.
The story is that the center of the Malacca Kingdom in 1509 fell due to losing the war with the Portuguese army who was ambitious to conquer its trade expansion in Southeast Asia. The kingdom of Malacca which has many islands made a new defense in the city of Kara. Currently the area is on the island of Bintan. Hang Nadim’s name at that time was well known as one of the formidable warriors trusted by Sultan Mahmud Shah. Because of the success and courage in leading the troops, the Malacca Kingdom assigned the title of Admiral to Hang Nadim. Although Hang Nadim failed to dispel the Portuguese in Malacca, the seeds of the struggle he sowed continued to grow and burn among the people of Riau.
Hang Nadim is an idol. He is a symbol of resistance to the colonial nation. History continues to roll clockwise. In tune with the dynamics of the times, and the spirit of Hang Nadim is still burning.
That is the turmoil of hope that blows on the island of Nipah. There is an oath on the island of Nipah. Homeland has a fixed price. No one can take an inch of it (Dinn Wahyudin)